The term “fitness school” is really an umbrella that encompasses any offering by an institution in a fitness-related field, such as health, exercise science, sports medicine, kinesiology, or physiology. If you major in any of these topics in school, you will likely find yourself taking some combination of first aid, kinesiology, exercise fitness, and training/programming classes.
Although many adults simply attend a weekend seminar lasting a few hours in order to get their CPR certifications, many health-related programs require you to go a step further. In a class like this you will study first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and AED (automated external defibrillator) practices. You’ll have to know how to recognize life-threatening illnesses related to choking or difficulty breathing, as well as how to treat these ailments. You might also learn about cardiac emergencies and those related to shock or bleeding. You’ll also learn how to treat injuries to the head, back, or neck; that have caused musculoskeletal damage; and that have caused burns. Class sessions will also be devoted to training you in recognizing and treating serious illnesses such as hypothermia, hyperthermia, and poisoning. At the end of the class you will of course be awarded all the appropriate certifications.
Introduction to Kinesiology
This class will likely be a mandate for anyone pursuing a major in kinesiology, although the exact class might come under a different name. Kinesiology is essentially an interdisciplinary study of human movement, including the disciplines of physiology, exercise, biomechanics, and sports psychology. You might also learn about different career opportunities that are associated with kinesiology. With a major in this area you could go on to coach, teach, or work in a number of fitness and health professions.
If you are majoring in exercise science or physiology, you may find yourself taking a class by this name. You will learn about the physiological responses and adaptations of people to exercise, including the study of specific body systems. You might learn about neuromuscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic, and/or hormonal systems. You will specifically study how these systems are affected by both acute and chronic exercise. At the end of the course you should be prepared to take more advanced classes in exercise physiology, as well as be able to utilize what you have learned in your personal life and in a future profession.
Programming and Prescription
This is just one potential name for any course that instructs you in how to take fitness assessments and determine guidelines and criteria for safe exercise. You’ll learn about efficient and effective cardiovascular resistance as well as appropriate speed/agility techniques. You may study how to safely prescribe exercises to treat different bodily systems, such as the cardiovascular, endocrine, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems. You may also learn how to prescribe activities for lung diseases and orthopedic injuries. You might also study how to appropriately create programs and prescribe treatments for special populations, such as the elderly, pregnant, or those with diabetes or who are obese.