Aesthetician education

The field of aesthetics is considered a trade and as a result, a formal undergraduate education is not required following high school graduation in order to become an aesthetician. However, because an aesthetician’s job can be technical where they use different machinery directly on customers’ skin, they are required to undergo some sort of training (usually with a beauty or skin care institute) before they are hired as a professional aesthetician. In addition, some states require aestheticians to be licensed in order to practice as there is a degree of liability involved in the services which they provide.
Aesthetician training is offered by a beauty institute or cosmetology school and the programs can range between 12 – 18 months long depending on the courses offered. Students can expect to take some of these courses during the program1:
• Make-up application: Spas, especially, those located within resorts often offer make-up services since they are popular locations for destination weddings. Aestheticians who also want to specialize in cosmetology will have the opportunity to learn about the essential cosmetics used for different looks. They’ll also learn about the make-up techniques used for different face shapes to enhance certain features as well as the palettes which suit different skin tones.
• Manicures and pedicures: These are some of the most common services customers request when they visit a spa. Students will learn about the health and hygiene for nails as well as some of the common skin conditions. They’ll also learn about different nail shapes and the current trends in manicures and pedicures. Furthermore, they will gain hands-on experience in using the tools for manicures and pedicures as they will provide services to some of the school’s customers.
• Facial treatments and skincare analysis: Students will have the opportunity to learn about some of the common and popular facial treatments requested by customers today. They will also have in-class hours to learn about some of the common skin issues and how products can play a role in enhancing or preserving skin conditions. They will have hands-on experience in providing facial treatments and analyze customers’ skin conditions through the school’s day spa program.
• Body treatments: Customers often visit the spa to undergo treatments that enhance the tone and texture of the skin on their body. From body wraps to spray tan to cellulite reduction, students will learn about the tools, products and techniques involved in these treatments and the health benefits of some of these services.
• Massage therapy fundamentals: Some spas offer massage therapy treatments to help customers relax and improve their muscle conditions. Students will have the opportunity to learn about different massage types and techniques to help customers ease the pain from their muscles.
• Spa management and administration: Some students will eventually open their own spas or have the opportunity to manage one through career advancement. These courses are designed to teach students the fundamentals in managing a spa operation from health and hygiene to designing services curriculum to ordering products and developing relationships with vendors and clients. Students will also learn the basics of entrepreneurship and managing their own business.
For more information on the curriculum and the licensing requirements of an aesthetician, please contact your local cosmetology school or your high school counsellor.
1. Ogle Cosmetology School.

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